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Global fossil fuels supplies dwindling


Fast-growing, easily utilised marine algae which fix carbon dioxide


Oil production from cultivated micro-organisms


Energy readily convertible from marine plants

University of Strathclyde

The Fraser of Allander Institute at the University of Strathclyde is the BioMara partner conducting the economic and social impact analyses

Professor Kim Swales

Kim Swales is a Professor of Economics and head of the Economics Department at the University of Strathclyde. His main research interests are in regional economics, regional modelling and economy-energy-environment modelling. He is responsible for the overall direction and management of the project and for representing the Fraser of Allander Institute on the project’s Board. He takes primary responsibility for conducting the microeconomic analyses.

This involves: a full financial analysis of alternative marine biofuels; a wider cost benefit analysis of the potential developments, incorporating wider social impacts and the locational analyses. Professor Swales works with, and directs, the researcher in each of these tasks. He also contributes to the development of the various system-wide analyses.

Grant Allan

Grant Allan’s current research includes using computable general equilibrium (CGE) modelling to study the national and regional impacts of future changes in energy supply and demands, with particular focus on wave and tidal technologies.  Grant's other research areas include regional Input-Output analysis and environmental economics.

Grant’s role is to work to develop the CGE model to accommodate the range of new marine biofuel technologies revealed as potentially promising by the microeconomic analyses.

Professor Peter McGregor

Peter is currently Professor and Director of the Fraser of Allander Institute in the Department of Economics at the University of Strathclyde. He was Head of Department from 1999 to July 2005 and prior to that, from 1992, was Research Director, Fraser of Allander Institute. He has research interests in the fields of economy-energy-environment interactions, multi-sectoral regional economic modelling and the economics of devolution. He is Principal Investigator on a number of ESRC and EPSRC projects.

Specific role in BioMara: Professor Peter McGregor will take primary responsibility for the day-to-day implementation of the system-wide analyses. This will firstly involve working with the researcher and Dr Karen Turner on the construction of the appropriate regional input-output (IO) tables and social accounting matrices (SAMs). He will also jointly with the researcher: develop the regional computable general equilibrium models (CGEs); manage the work of the computer programmer, and conduct the range of model simulations. He will also assist Professor Kim Swales with the microeconomic analyses as appropriate.

Dr Karen Turner

Dr Karen Turner is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Economics at the University of Strathclyde. Her main research interests include economy-environment modelling, regional economics, input-output analysis and regional computable general equilibrium modelling. She is Principle Investigator on the ESRC-funded project titled "An empirical general equilibrium analysis of the factors that govern the extent of energy rebound effects in the UK economy" (ESRC ref. RES-061-25-0010) and she is an ESRC Climate Leadership Fellow.

Specific role in BioMara: Dr Karen Turner will work with Professor Peter McGregor on the system-wide databases and analyses. Her primary responsibility will be to conduct the supply-chain analyses. These will make extensive use of Dr Turner’s expertise in IO and SAM based analyses. She will also be involved in the interpretation of the CGE modelling simulations.

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BioMara is supported by the INTERREG IVA Programme managed by the Special EU Programmes Body.

BioMara project is also funded by: